Hij werd in 1568 geboren als telg van het belangrijke Florentijnse geslacht Barberini. Kerry Longbottom The Barcaccia has a complex iconographic program that speaks of Urban VIII’s accomplishments both within the city of Rome and around the world. Dankzij een invloedrijke oom, een Apostolisch Protonotaris, maakte hij al jong promotie bij de pausen Sixtus V en Gregorius XIV. The couple were married for 34 years and had 11 children. Following catastrophic damage, this glass vase (1-25BC) has been reconstructed three times and resides in the British Museum. Historian Leopold von Ranke estimated that during his reign, Urban VIII's immediate family amassed 105 million scudi in personal wealth.[8]. At the death of his uncle, he inherited his riches, with which he bought a palace in Rome, which he made into a luxurious Renaissance residence. Ernesta Chinazzi, Sede Vacante per la morte del Papa Urbano VIII Barberini e conclave di Innocenzo X Pamfili, Rome, 1904, 13. Despite this, throughout 29–30 July, the cardinals began an intense series of negotiations to test the numbers as to who could emerge from the conclave as pope, with Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi dismissing Barberini's chances as long as Barberini remained a close ally of Cardinal Scipione Borghese, whose faction Barberini supported. On his death, the bust of Urban VIII that lay beside the Palace of the Conservators on the Capitoline Hill was rapidly destroyed by an enraged crowd, and only a quick-thinking priest saved the sculpture of the late pope belonging to the Jesuits from a similar fate.[17]. [1] He expended vast sums bringing polymaths like Athanasius Kircher to Rome and funding various substantial works by the sculptor and architect Bernini, from whom he had already commissioned Boy with a Dragon around 1617 and who was particularly favored during Urban VIII's reign. For the purposes of making cannon and the baldacchino in St Peters, massive bronze girders were pillaged from the portico of the Pantheon leading to the well known lampoon: quod non fecerunt barbari, fecerunt Barberini, "what the barbarians did not do, the Barberini did."[11]. The discovery of the vase is described by Pietro Santi Bartoli and referenced on page 28 of a book on The Portland Vase. With Pope Urban VIII, Gian Lorenzo Bernini became the official artist of the court and it is to this architect and artist that we owe the creation of many objects that adorn the city centre of the capital. Urban VIII was opposed to Copernican heliocentrism and he ordered Galileo's second trial after the publication of Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, in which Urban's point of view is argued by the character "Simplicio". Urban VIII (Maffeo Barberini) and Bernini were close friends. He is an excellent speaker and debater, writes verses and patronises poets and men of letters. Most directly, the Barcaccia illustrates a distich penned by Urban:. Youtube Bernini Piazza Navona Tod Marder (33.53 minutes) Pope Innocent X, successor to Urban VIII, was the only pope that Bernini did not get along with. Bernini next supervised the decoration of the four piers supporting the dome of St. Peter’s with colossal statues, though only one of the latter, St. Longinus, was designed by him. Because of the costs incurred by the city of Rome to finance this war, Urban VIII became immensely unpopular with his subjects. But, in 1646, when their weight began to crack the building, they were pulled down, and Bernini was temporarily disgraced. As well as several portrait busts of Urban, Urban commissioned Bernini to work on the family palace in Rome, the Palazzo Barberini, the College of the Propaganda Fide, the Fontana del Tritone in the Piazza Barberini, the baldacchino and cathedra in St Peter's Basilica and other prominent structures in the city. Bernini started his career as an architect at the request of Pope Urban VIII, who regarded him very highly and protected him in the early stage of his career: it is said that the Pope, while talking with Bernini about his election, said to him: "You are lucky to see Maffeo Barberini become pope, but we (plural majestatis) are even luckier because Bernini lives at the time of our pontificate". Another such acquisition, in a vast collection, was the purchase of the 'Barberini vase'. His Holiness is tall, dark, with regular features and black hair turning grey. Urban VIII inherited a debt of 16 million scudi, and by 1635 had increased it to 28 million. Four dolphins raise a huge shell supporting the sea god, who blows water upward out of a conch. The development of Bernini’s religious art was largely determined by his conscientious efforts to conform to those principles. 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