Linguistic data show that the Hmong of the Peninsula stem from the Miao of southern China as one among a set of ethnic groups belonging to the Hmong–Mien language family. Introduction A. After the War in 1975, the Hmong were singled out by the victorious communist governments of Laos and Vietnam.  They were hunted down, taken to concentration camps, and persecuted.  Their villages were sprayed with chemical weapons and bombed with napalm (yellow substance).  It is estimated that more than 10% (35,000) of the entire Hmong population in Laos died as a result of their involvement with the United States during the Vietnam War. History of Hmong existence in America 1. The name of the war is exactly what it means; it was a war kept secret by the United States government. Geography. Required fields are marked *. The Hmong are an ethnic group from the highlands of Laos. From 1962 to 1975, the Hmong people were involved in the Laotian Civil War, also known as the Secret War. The Hmong are an ethnic group from the highlands of Laos. After the Vietnam War ended, the CIA abruptly pulled out of Laos, leaving thousands, possibly tens of thousands, of Hmong to flee. HMONG AND THE VIETNAM WAR From 1959 to 1973, the CIA trained Hmong tribesmen to fight against Communist insurgencies in Laos. After the war in 1973, the Hmong were singled out by the victorious communist governments of Laos and Vietnam. The Americans feared the idea of communism and the domino effect that could take place in Asia; therefore, the Americans wanted to prevent this idea by helping the South Vietnamese. Vietnam, signed a peace treaty in Paris, ending the direct U.S. military started to get brighter for Vietnam and the United States, the Hmong were still With nothing left to do, the CIA decided to turn to the Hmong people for help during the Vietnam War against the communists. Soon there only option was to find a way to withdraw all the US troops and get out of this bloody war as soon as possible. But the fight continues to provide those who served in the CIA operation the status and benefits of veterans who fought as part of the US Armed Services. Their villages were sprayed with chemical weapons and bombed with napalm. in danger. Hmong … After they lost the battle at the Opium War, they were forced to leave their land of origin. involvement in Vietnam. Your email address will not be published. GENERAL INFORMATION: The Arlington High School Culture Club presented a Hmong New Year Celebration for the school. Of the 300,000 Hmong people living in Laos, more than 19,000 men were recruited by the CIA to deal with the struggles of the jungle, since the Hmong were more aware of the terrain of Vietnam. Bibliography Hmong Involvement in the Vietnam War Literature Review Outline I. After years of fighting, the United States knew that they were only having a little bit of success in bringing down the North Vietnamese as the Hmong were losing to the uprising of the Viet Congs and the tactics of guerrilla warfare was used against the US soldiers in Vietnam. … In a letter to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, the Executive Director of Hmong International Human Rights Watch alleged that the Hmong, because of their connections to the CIA during the Vietnam War, have been targeted in "an ongoing genocidal campaign" which is being carried out jointly by the Laos and Vietnam governments (22-28 July 2000). In the two worst years of the both the American War in Vietnam and the Secret War in Laos, 18,000 Hmong soldiers were killed in combat, in addition to thousands more civilian casualties. The resulting conflict far outlasted the Vietnam War. Hmong involvement in the Vietnam War is known to many as the "Secret War" or the Laotian Civil War and North Vietnamese invasion of Laos. The Hmong would now “take the war to the North Vietnamese army”, Ted Shackley, the CIA station chief in Laos, said in 1966, wresting areas of … It is also estimated that an additional 20,000 Hmong died after 1975 because of persecution, starvation, chemical spray, drowning, and simply killed by the communist Pathet Lao. When a communist movement called the Pathet Lao began to gain power in Laos during the Vietnam War, the Central Intelligence Agency recruited the Hmong to fight the communists and attack North Vietnamese supply lines. forces in the South was not to be able to advance any further. During the Vietnam War, as … After many years of the Vietnam War, the world finally found out that the Hmong people were involved (WPT). The battle between the two was mainly over political issues because of the split of Vietnam and the rise of communism as the North side of Vietnam tried to form their whole country into communism by forcefully reuniting South Vietnam with the help of the Soviet Union. Hmong face military in Laos jungle in fallout from Vietnam war. There are certain evidences of near past about their survival in the most undesirable condition. Helping Americans whole understand The Secret War and the role Hmong and Lao veterans played during the Vietnam War is "very important," vet says. In 1973, the U.S. bailed out of the war, and took their allies with them back to the United States. Due to the terrain of Vietnam being a jungle, the United States was having a hard time preventing China and the Soviet Union from sending in weapons to arm the North Vietnamese against the South Vietnamese. The Vietnam War is the subject of hundreds of scholarly studies, policy reports, memoirs, and literary titles. 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